India’s Parallel Cinema Remains Unmatched

Govind Nihalani’s ‘Party’ was among a slate of films that used realism to challenge political power. Where are such movies now?

Party scene Amrish Puri
Amrish Puri in 'Party'

Meher Manda


May 18, 2022


10 min

The 1980s was a contentious decade for Hindi cinema. Only the truly brave treat it as the era of delightful so-bad-it’s-almost-good films. The masala of the 1970s gave way to a decade of too-muchness, with little subtlety or imagination. Truly, the decade saw the birth of camp on celluloid: in Rekha’s drag queen-inspired makeover of vindication in Khoon Bhari Maang (1988), in the blinding shimmer of Mithun Chakraborty’s pants in Disco Dancer (1982), and Sridevi’s serpentine metamorphosis in Nagina (1985). Amitabh Bachchan’s angry young man aged into a still angry older man whose schtick began to feel been there, seen that. 

And then there was Party (1984) by filmmaker Govind Nihalani, which brought together reigning talents of Hindi parallel cinema and theater to share space at a house party in a single-set ensemble skit-like film. In one of the film's most pivotal moments, emerging poet Bharat (K.K. Raina), fresh off the praise and attention from wealthy benefactors at the party, suggests that art and poetry need not be political. To this declaration, Avinash (Om Puri), a fiery journalist, says, “Art can never be separated from politics,” adding, “If the artist is not politically committed, then his art is not relevant.”

In one swift stroke, Nihalani takes an axe to the meaningless drivel that the Hindi film industry had been churning out. Party, an essential film in the parallel cinema movement showed the willingness of a select few to imagine Hindi cinema outside the limits of commercial, mainstream fare — cinema that was unafraid of taking on the establishment.

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